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Microsoft® Windows® Internals: Microsoft Windows Server™ 2003, Windows XP, and Windows 2000, 4th Edition by David A. Solomon, Mark E. Russinovich

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Storage Terminology

To fully understand the rest of this chapter, you need to be familiar with some basic terminology:

  • Disks are a physical storage device such as a hard disk, a 3.5-inch floppy disk, or a CD-ROM.

  • A disk is divided into sectors, addressable blocks of fixed size. Sector sizes are determined by hardware. Most hard disk sectors are 512 bytes, and CD-ROM sectors are typically 2048 bytes.

  • Partitions are collections of contiguous sectors on a disk. A partition table or other diskmanagement database stores a partition's starting sector, size, and other characteristics and is located on the same disk as the partition.

  • Simple volumes are objects that represent sectors from a single partition that file system drivers manage as a single unit. ...

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