70 Małgorzata Pawłowska
Table 5.4 Some microorganisms capable of degrading VOCs founded in LFG.
Microorganisms Compound References
BACTERIA
Alcaligenes denitryficans Benzene, toluene, methylbenzene Ridgway et al. (1990)
Arthrobacter sp. Dimethylsilanediol (DMSD) Sabourin et al. (1996)
Burkholderia cepacia Trichloroethylene Mars et al. (1996)
Toluene Shields & Montgomery
(1989)
Hyphomicrobium
chloromethanicum
Chloromethane McDonald et al. (2001)
Methylophilus sp. Dichloromethane Bader and Leisinger (1994)
Methylosinus trichosporium Trichloroethylene Mars et al. (1996)
Pseudomonas sp. Chlorobenzen Kunze et al. (2009)
1,4-Dichlorobenzene Sommer & Görisch (1997)
Styrene Gąszczak et al. (2009)
Dichloromethane Guo et al. (1990)
Pseudomonas putida p-Cymene Eaton (1997)
Trichloroethylene Mars et al. (1996)
Benzene, ethyl benzene, toluene,
m-xylene, p-xylene, o-xylene
Gülensoy & Alvarez (1999)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa Benzene Kim et al. (2003)
Pseudomonas stutzeri o-Xylene Barbieri et al. (1993)
Pseudomonas veroni Alkyl methyl ketones, 2-butanol,
2-hexanol
Onaca et al. (2007)
Paracoccus versutus Acetone Su et al. (2012)
Ralstonia pickettii Chlorobenzen Zhang et al. (2011)
Rhodococcus sp. Benzene, phenol, toluene,
ethyl benzene, isopropyl benzene,
Kim et al. (2002)
Sphingomonas
haloaromaticamans
1,4-Dichlorobenzene Sommer & Görisch (1997)
Xanthobacter sp. Dichloromethane Emanuelson et al. (2009)
Xanthobacter flavus 1,4-Dichlorobenzene Sommer & Görisch (1997)
FUNGI
Cladosporium resinae Ethyl benzene and toluene, methyl
ethyl ketone, methyl isobutyl ketone
Qi et al. (2002)
Cladosporium
sphaerospermum
BTEX, styrene, methyl ethyl ketone,
methyl isobutyl ketone
Qi et al. (2002)
Exophiala lecanii-corni BTEX, styrene, methyl ethyl ketone,
methyl isobutyl ketone
Qi et al. (2002)
Fusarium oxysporum Dimethylsilanediol (DMSD) Sabourin et al. (1996)
Phanerochaete
chrysosporium
BTEX, methyl ethyl ketone, methyl
isobutyl ketone
Qi et al. (2002)
Due to the fact that aromatic compounds are characterized by a higher thermodynamic
stability than aliphatics, their decomposition process is more complex. The main role in this
process is played by oxygenase enzymes that are able to cleave the aromatic ring of the com-
pound. Aerobic degradation of hydrophobic pollutants such as benzene, toluene, naphtha-
lene, biphenyl or polycyclic aromatics is usually initiated by activation of the aromatic ring
through oxygenation, catalysed by members of the soluble di-iron family of monooxygenases
(Leahy et al. 2003) or Rieske non-haem iron oxygenases (Gibson & Parales, 2000). The pos-
sibility of bacteria to degrade many aromatic hydrocarbons is based on the existence inside
the cell of catabolic plasmids (e.g. TOL plasmid) that encode specific enzymes. The many of
aromatics can be converted to intermediates, such as catechol, 3-methyl catechol or prote-
catechuate (Fritsche & Hofrichter, 2008, Gülensoy & Alvarez, 1999).
PAWLOWS_Book.indb 70PAWLOWS_Book.indb 70 3/27/2014 8:34:44 PM3/27/2014 8:34:44 PM

Get Mitigation of Landfill Gas Emissions now with O’Reilly online learning.

O’Reilly members experience live online training, plus books, videos, and digital content from 200+ publishers.