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Introduction

When communication resources were precious, it was natural to design a special method for better utilization of these resources. Thus, for a long time, many information network infrastructure providers developed their own network designs and protocols. The recent wide deployment of Internet Protocol (IP) technology provides a simple communication framework for any kind of information infrastructure, and it is integrating all information infrastructures into one protocol—IP.

The evolution first occurred for the wired infrastructure because the wired networks had a faster communication property than the wireless networks. Whereas many wired network infrastructures changed their dedicated network designs and protocols to the generic ...

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