Chapter 16Human in the Loop in System of Systems (SoS) Modeling and Simulation: Applications to Live, Virtual, and Constructive (LVC) Distributed Mission Operations (DMO) Training

Saurabh Mittal, Margery J. Doyle, and Antoinette M. Portrey

L-3 Communications, Link Simulation and Training, Air Force Research Lab, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH, USA

16.1 INTRODUCTION

In the 1990s, a prototype Training Research Testbed was developed at Williams Air Force Base by scientists and engineers from the U.S. Air Force Research Lab (AFRL), 711 Human Effectiveness Directorate, Warfighter Training Research Division (WTRD), in Mesa, Arizona. Now known as the Warfighter Readiness Research Division (WRRD) at the 711 Human Performance Wing at Wright Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton, OH, their mission is to research, develop, demonstrate, evaluate, and transition leading edge technologies and methods through use of open collaborations between government, academia, and industry partners to train warfighters as they pertain to training and research on training. Since then, WRRD has led the development of live, virtual, and constructive (LVC) distributed mission operations (DMO) training and rehearsal environments.

The continual advancement of modeling and simulation (M&S) technology has facilitated the ability for warfighters to participate in a continuous training cycle and maintain combat readiness by using cost-effective simulation alternatives in conjunction with live-fly operations and training ...

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