Table 5.1 lists the human phenomena of interest for the six archetypal problems introduced in Chapter 2 and discussed in Chapter 3. All of these phenomena are concerned with human perceptions, expectations, decisions, and performance, either individually or in teams or groups. This chapter addresses the state of knowledge in representing these phenomena.
Table 5.1 Human Phenomena Associated with Archetypal Problems
|Cancer biology||Human decisions on diagnoses given test results||Human, individual|
|Cancer biology||Human decisions to employ drugs targeted at signaling mechanisms||Human, individual|
|Financial system||Human decisions by investors relative to risks and rewards||Human, individual|
|Traffic control||Human decisions by individual drivers on where and when to drive||Human, individual|
|Traffic control||Human performance in manual control of vehicle||Human, individual|
|Urban resilience||Human perceptions, expectations, and intentions||Human, individual|
|Counterfeit parts||Human decisions by supplier executive teams||Human, team or group|
|Healthcare delivery||Human decisions of clinical teams on use of capacities||Human, team or group|
|Traffic control||Human decisions by traffic management teams on pricing||Human, team or group|
|Urban resilience||Human decisions of urban teams on communications||Human, team or group|
This chapter proceeds as follows. First, descriptive and prescriptive approaches are contrasted. Descriptive ...