W. Wu, T.G. Berhe and T. Ashour, University of Natural resources and Applied Life sciences, Austria
Based on the purposes and types of construction materials used, embankments and dams are classified into several categories. Emphasis is given to those embankments used for hydropower, irrigation and flood control. These types of embankments are called embankment dams. This chapter gives an overview of the common types of embankment dams, construction materials, construction control, maintenance, failures and causes of failures, analysis and design, and future trends. Moreover, the use of natural fibers as reinforcement for embankments is briefly discussed.