Book description
Designed for use in a standard twosemester engineering thermodynamics course sequence. The first half of the text contains material suitable for a basic Thermodynamics course taken by engineers from all majors. The second half of the text is suitable for an Applied Thermodynamics course in mechanical engineering programs.The text has numerous features that are unique among engineering textbooks, including historical vignettes, critical thinking boxes, and case studies. All are designed to bring real engineering applications into a subject that can be somewhat abstract and mathematical.
Over 200 worked examples and more than 1,300 end of chapter problems provide the use opportunities to practice solving problems related to concepts in the text.
Table of contents
 Cover Image
 Table of Contents
 Title
 Copyright
 Dedication
 Preface
 Acknowledgments
 Resources that Accompany this Book
 List of Symbols
 Prologue

Chapter 1. The Beginning
 1.1 What is Thermodynamics?
 1.2 Why is Thermodynamics Important Today?
 1.3 Getting Answers: A Basic Problem Solving Technique
 1.4 Units and Dimensions
 1.5 How do we Measure Things?
 1.6 Temperature Units
 1.7 Classical Mechanical and Electrical Units Systems
 1.8 Chemical Units
 1.9 Modern Units Systems
 1.10 Significant Figures
 1.11 Potential and Kinetic Energies
 Summary

Chapter 2. Thermodynamic Concepts
 2.1 Introduction
 2.2 The Language of Thermodynamics1
 2.3 Phases of Matter
 2.4 System States and Thermodynamic Properties
 2.5 Thermodynamic Equilibrium
 2.6 Thermodynamic Processes
 2.7 Pressure and Temperature Scales
 2.8 The Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics
 2.9 The Continuum Hypothesis
 2.10 The Balance Concept
 2.11 The Conservation Concept
 2.12 Conservation of Mass
 Summary7

Chapter 3. Thermodynamic Properties
 3.1 The Trees and The Forest
 3.2 Why are Thermodynamic Property Values Important?
 3.3 Fun with Mathematics
 3.4 Some Exciting New Thermodynamic Properties
 3.5 System Energy
 3.6 Enthalpy
 3.7 Phase Diagrams
 3.8 Quality
 3.9 Thermodynamic Equations of State
 3.10 Thermodynamic Tables
 3.11 How do you Determine the “Thermodynamic State”?
 3.12 Thermodynamic Charts
 3.13 Thermodynamic Property Software
 Summary

Chapter 4. The First Law of Thermodynamics and Energy Transport Mechanisms
 4.1 Introducción (Introduction)
 4.2 Emmy Noether and the Conservation Laws of Physics
 4.3 The First Law of Thermodynamics
 4.4 Energy Transport Mechanisms
 4.5 Point and Path Functions
 4.6 Mechanical Work Modes of Energy Transport
 4.7 Nonmechanical Work Modes of Energy Transport
 4.8 Power Modes of Energy Transport
 4.9 Work Efficiency
 4.10 The Local Equilibrium Postulate
 4.11 The State Postulate
 4.12 Heat Modes of Energy Transport
 4.13 Heat Transfer Modes
 4.14 A Thermodynamic Problem Solving Technique
 4.15 How to Write a Thermodynamics Problem
 Summary
 Chapter 5. First Law Closed System Applications

Chapter 6. First Law Open System Applications
 6.1 Introduction
 6.2 Mass Flow Energy Transport
 6.3 Conservation of Energy and Conservation of Mass Equations for Open Systems
 6.4 Flow Stream Specific Kinetic and Potential Energies
 6.5 Nozzles and Diffusers
 6.6 Throttling Devices
 6.7 Throttling Calorimeter
 6.8 Heat Exchangers
 6.9 Shaft Work Machines
 6.10 Open System Unsteady State Processes
 Summary

Chapter 7. Second Law of Thermodynamics and Entropy Transport and Production Mechanisms
 7.1 Introduction
 7.2 What is Entropy?
 7.3 The Second Law of Thermodynamics
 7.4 Carnot's Heat Engine and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
 7.5 The Absolute Temperature Scale
 7.6 Heat Engines Running Backward
 7.7 Clausius's Definition of Entropy
 7.8 Numerical Values for Entropy
 7.9 Entropy Transport Mechanisms
 7.10 Differential Entropy Balance
 7.11 Heat Transport of Entropy
 7.12 Work Mode Transport of Entropy
 7.13 Entropy Production Mechanisms
 7.14 Heat Transfer Production of Entropy
 7.15 Work Mode Production of Entropy
 7.16 Phase Change Entropy Production
 7.17 Entropy Balance and Entropy Rate Balance Equations
 Summary
 Chapter 8. Second Law Closed System Applications

Chapter 9. Second Law Open System Applications
 9.1 Introduction
 9.2 Mass Flow Transport of Entropy
 9.3 Mass Flow Production of Entropy
 9.4 Open System Entropy Balance Equations
 9.5 Nozzles, Diffusers, and Throttles
 9.6 Heat Exchangers
 9.7 Mixing
 9.8 Shaft Work Machines
 9.9 Unsteady State Processes in Open Systems
 Summary
 Final Comments on the Second Law

Chapter 10. Availability Analysis
 10.1 What is Availability?
 10.2 Fun with Scalar, Vector, and Conservative Fields
 10.3 What are Conservative Forces?
 10.4 Maximum Reversible Work
 10.5 Local Environment
 10.6 Availability
 10.7 Closed System Availability Balance
 10.8 Flow Availability
 10.9 Open System Availability Rate Balance
 10.10 Modified Availability Rate Balance (MARB) Equation
 10.11 Energy Efficiency Based on the Second Law
 Summary

Chapter 11. More Thermodynamic Relations
 11.1 Kynning (Introduction)
 11.2 Two New Properties: Helmholtz and Gibbs Functions
 11.3 Gibbs Phase Equilibrium Condition
 11.4 Maxwell Equations
 11.5 The Clapeyron Equation
 11.6 Determining u, h, and s from p, v, and T
 11.7 Constructing Tables and Charts
 11.8 Thermodynamic Charts
 11.9 Gas Tables
 11.10 Compressibility Factor and Generalized Charts
 11.11 Is Steam Ever an Ideal Gas?
 Summary

Chapter 12. Mixtures of Gases and Vapors
 12.1 Wprowadzenie (Introduction)
 12.2 Thermodynamic Properties of Gas Mixtures
 12.3 Mixtures of Ideal Gases
 12.4 Psychrometrics
 12.5 The Adiabatic Saturator
 12.6 The Sling Psychrometer
 12.7 Air Conditioning
 12.8 Psychrometric Enthalpies
 12.9 Mixtures of Real Gases
 Summary
 Design Problems
 Computer Problems
 Special Problems

Chapter 13. Vapor and Gas Power Cycles
 13.1 Bevezetésének (Introduction)
 13.2 Part I. Engines and Vapor Power Cycles
 13.3 Carnot Power Cycle
 13.4 Rankine Cycle
 13.5 Operating Efficiencies
 13.6 Rankine Cycle with Superheat
 13.7 Rankine Cycle with Regeneration
 13.8 The Development of the Steam Turbine
 13.9 Rankine Cycle with Reheat
 13.10 Modern Steam Power Plants
 13.11 Part II. Gas Power Cycles
 13.12 Air Standard Power Cycles
 13.13 Stirling Cycle
 13.14 Ericsson Cycle
 13.15 Lenoir Cycle
 13.16 Brayton Cycle
 13.17 Aircraft Gas Turbine Engines
 13.18 Otto Cycle
 13.19 Atkinson Cycle
 13.20 Miller Cycle
 13.21 Diesel Cycle
 13.22 Modern Prime Mover Developments
 13.23 Second Law Analysis of Vapor and Gas Power Cycles
 Summary

Chapter 14. Vapor and Gas Refrigeration Cycles
 14.1 Introduksjon (Introduction)
 14.2 Part I. Vapor Refrigeration Cycles
 14.3 Carnot Refrigeration Cycle
 14.4 In the Beginning there was Ice
 14.5 VaporCompression Refrigeration Cycle
 14.6 Refrigerants
 14.7 Refrigerant Numbers
 14.8 CFCs and the Ozone Layer
 14.9 Cascade and Multistage VaporCompression Systems
 14.10 Absorption Refrigeration
 14.11 Commercial and Household Refrigerators
 14.12 Part II. Gas Refrigeration Cycles
 14.13 Air Standard Gas Refrigeration Cycles
 14.14 Reversed Brayton Cycle Refrigeration
 14.15 Reversed Stirling Cycle Refrigeration
 14.16 Miscellaneous Refrigeration Technologies
 14.17 Future Refrigeration Needs
 14.18 Second Law Analysis of Refrigeration Cycles
 Summary

Chapter 15. Chemical Thermodynamics
 15.1 Einführung (Introduction)
 15.2 Stoichiometric Equations
 15.3 Organic Fuels
 15.4 Fuel Modeling
 15.5 Standard Reference State
 15.6 Heat of Formation
 15.7 Heat of Reaction
 15.8 Adiabatic Flame Temperature
 15.9 Maximum Explosion Pressure
 15.10 Entropy Production in Chemical Reactions
 15.11 Entropy of Formation and Gibbs Function of Formation
 15.12 Chemical Equilibrium and Dissociation
 15.13 Rules for Chemical Equilibrium Constants
 15.14 The van't Hoff Equation
 15.15 Fuel Cells
 15.16 Chemical Availability
 Summary
 Chapter 16. Compressible Fluid Flow

Chapter 17. Thermodynamics of Biological Systems
 17.1 Introdução (Introduction)
 17.2 Living Systems
 17.3 Thermodynamics of Biological Cells
 17.4 Energy Conversion Efficiency of Biological Systems
 17.5 Metabolism
 17.6 Thermodynamics of Nutrition and Exercise
 17.7 Limits to Biological Growth
 17.8 Locomotion Transport Number
 17.9 Thermodynamics of Aging and Death
 Summary

Chapter 18. Introduction to Statistical Thermodynamics
 18.1 Introduction
 18.2 Why Use a Statistical Approach?
 18.3 Kinetic Theory of Gases
 18.4 Intermolecular Collisions
 18.5 Molecular Velocity Distributions
 18.6 Equipartition of Energy
 18.7 Introduction to Mathematical Probability
 18.8 Quantum Statistical Thermodynamics
 18.9 Three Classical Quantum Statistical Models
 18.10 MaxwellBoltzmann Gases
 18.11 Monatomic MaxwellBoltzmann Gases
 18.12 Diatomic MaxwellBoltzmann Gases
 18.13 Polyatomic MaxwellBoltzmann Gases
 Summary
 Chapter 19. Introduction to Coupled Phenomena
 APPENDIX A. Physical Constants and Conversion Factors
 APPENDIX B. Greek and Latin Origins of Engineering Terms
 Appendix C. Thermodynamic Tables
 Appendix D. Thermodynamic Charts
 Index
Product information
 Title: Modern Engineering Thermodynamics
 Author(s):
 Release date: December 2010
 Publisher(s): Academic Press
 ISBN: 9780080961736
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