Process Theories of Motivation

Four important theories describe how motivation occurs:

  1. Needs-goal theory

  2. Vroom expectancy theory

  3. Equity theory

  4. Porter–Lawler theory

These theories build on one another to furnish a description of the motivation process that begins at a relatively simple and easily understood level and culminates at a somewhat more intricate and realistic level.

Figure 14.1 The needs-goal theory of motivation

The Needs-Goal Theory of Motivation

The needs-goal theory of motivation, diagrammed in Figure 14.1, is the most fundamental of the motivation theories discussed in this chapter. As the figure indicates, motivation begins ...

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