1 General Considerations

He is not only dull himself; he is the cause of dullness in others.

Samuel Johnson

Some cause happiness wherever they go; others, whenever they go.

Oscar Wilde

1.1  INTRODUCTION

Until the beginning of the twentieth century, energy generation was based on combustion of fuel at the point of energy use. However, thanks to Thomas Edison, a new industry was born when the first electric power station, Pearl Street Electric Station in New York City, went into operation in 1882. The electric utility industry developed rapidly, and generating stations have spread across the entire country.

There are several reasons for the ...

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