Chapter 1. A database for the modern web

This chapter covers

  • MongoDB’s history, design goals, and key features
  • A brief introduction to the shell and drivers
  • Use cases and limitations
  • Recent changes in MongoDB

If you’ve built web applications in recent years, you’ve probably used a relational database as the primary data store. If you’re familiar with SQL, you might appreciate the usefulness of a well-normalized[1] data model, the necessity of transactions, and the assurances provided by a durable storage engine. Simply put, the relational database is mature and well-known. When developers start advocating alternative datastores, questions about the viability and utility of these new technologies arise. Are these new datastores replacements ...

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