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Multimedia Image and Video Processing, 2nd Edition by Sun-Yuan Kung, Yifeng He, Ling Guan

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16Introduction to Biometry

Carmelo Velardo

Jean-Luc Dugelay

Lionel Daniel

Antitza Dantcheva

Nesli Erdogmus

Neslihan Kose

Rui Min

Xuran Zhao

The term biometric comes from the ancient Greek βιoς (bios: life) and µετρoν (metron: to measure, to count). Both concepts indicate that there is something related to life (the human nature) that can be measured or counted. Biometry is the science that tries to understand how to measure characteristics which can be used to distinguish individuals. Humans have developed such skills during the evolution: the brain has specialized areas to recognize faces [1] and to link identities with specific patterns (behavioral or physical [2]). Researchers in the biometry field have always tried to automatize such processes ...

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