14.2. Multimedia Algorithms

In this section, we study the basic characteristics of some multimedia applications. We start with video compression, the dominant digital video application today. We then look at a next-generation smart camera application.

14.2.1. Compression

Video compression has been developed over the last 30 years and is now a mass-market item. Satellite television, terrestrial digital television, digital video cameras, and personal video recorders all make use of video compression methods. The original video compression systems occupied racks of equipment. Today, a great deal is known about how to reduce video compression algorithms to VLSI.

Most image and video compression methods are lossy. These methods take advantage of ...

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