Chapter 18. Convergence and Integration
Mihail C. Roco
Unifying science based on the material unity of nature at the nanoscale provides a new foundation for knowledge, innovation, and integration of technology. Revolutionary and synergistic advances at the interfaces between previously separated fields of science, engineering, and other areas of relevance are ready to create nano-bio-info-cogno (NBIC) transforming tools, products, and services. Developments in systems approaches, mathematics, and computation in conjunction with NBIC allow us to understand the natural world and scientific research as closely coupled, complex, hierarchical entities.
At this unique moment of scientific and technical achievement, it becomes possible to improve human ...