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Natech Risk Assessment and Management

Book Description

Natech Risk Assessment and Management: Reducing the Risk of Natural-Hazard Impact on Hazardous Installations covers the entire spectrum of issues pertinent to Natech risk assessment and management. After a thorough introduction of the topic that includes definitions of terms, authors Krausmann, Cruz, and Salzano discuss various examples of international frameworks and provide a detailed view of the implementation of Natech Risk Management in the EU and OECD.

There is a dedicated chapter on natural-hazard prediction and measurement from an engineering perspective, as well as a consideration of the impact of climate change on Natech risk. The authors also discuss selected Natech accidents, including recent examples, and provide specific ‘lessons learned’ from each, as well as an analysis of all essential elements of Natech risk assessment, such as plant layout, substance hazards, and equipment vulnerability.

The final section of the book is dedicated to the reduction of Natech risk, including structural and organizational prevention and mitigation measures, as well as early warning issues and emergency foreword planning.

  • Teaches chemical engineers and safety managers how to safeguard chemical processing plants and pipelines against natural disasters
  • Includes international regulations and explains how to conduct a natural hazards risk assessment, both of which are supported by examples and case studies
  • Discusses a broad range of hazards and the multidisciplinary aspects of risk assessment in a detailed and accessible style

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. List of Contributors
  6. About the Authors
  7. Chapter 1: Introduction
    1. Abstract
  8. Chapter 2: Past Natech Events
    1. Abstract
    2. 2.1. Characteristics of Natech events
    3. 2.2. Kocaeli Earthquake, 1999, Turkey
    4. 2.3. Tohoku Earthquake and Tsunami, 2011, Japan
    5. 2.4. San Jacinto River Flood, 1994, United States
    6. 2.5. Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, 2005, United States
    7. 2.6. Milford Haven Thunderstorm, 1994, United Kingdom
  9. Chapter 3: Lessons Learned From Natech Events
    1. Abstract
    2. 3.1. Data sources and quality
    3. 3.2. General Lessons Learned
    4. 3.3. Earthquakes
    5. 3.4. Tsunami
    6. 3.5. Floods
    7. 3.6. Storms
    8. 3.7. Lightning
    9. 3.8. Others
  10. Chapter 4: Status of Natech Risk Management
    1. Abstract
    2. 4.1. Regulatory Frameworks
    3. 4.2. Implementation of Natech Risk Reduction
    4. 4.3. International Activities
  11. Chapter 5: Natural Hazard Characterization
    1. Abstract
    2. 5.1. Introduction
    3. 5.2. Prediction and Measurement
    4. 5.3. Limitations, uncertainties, and future impacts of climate change
  12. Chapter 6: Technological Hazard Characterization
    1. Abstract
    2. 6.1. Introduction
    3. 6.2. Substance Hazard
    4. 6.3. Physical State of the Released Substance
    5. 6.4. Equipment Vulnerability
    6. 6.5. Conclusions
  13. Chapter 7: Natech Risk and Its Assessment
    1. Abstract
    2. 7.1. General Considerations
    3. 7.2. The Industrial Risk–Assessment Process
    4. 7.3. The Natech Risk–Assessment Process
  14. Chapter 8: Qualitative and Semiquantitative Methods for Natech Risk Assessment
    1. Abstract
    2. 8.1. RAPID-N
    3. 8.2. PANR
    4. 8.3. TRAS 310 and TRAS 320
    5. 8.4. Other methodologies
  15. Chapter 9: Quantitative Methods for Natech Risk Assessment
    1. Abstract
    2. 9.1. ARIPAR
    3. 9.2. RISKCURVES
  16. Chapter 10: Case-Study Application I: RAPID-N
    1. Abstract
    2. 10.1. Earthquake scenario
    3. 10.2. Chemical Facility Description
    4. 10.3. Natech Risk Analysis
    5. 10.4. Conclusions
    6. Acknowledgments
  17. Chapter 11: Case-Study Application II: ARIPAR-GIS
    1. Abstract
    2. 11.1. Introduction
    3. 11.2. Case study 1: Natech Scenarios Triggered by Earthquakes
    4. 11.3. Case study 2: Natech Scenarios Triggered by Floods
    5. 11.4. Results of the case-study analyses
  18. Chapter 12: Case Study Application III: RISKCURVES
    1. Abstract
    2. 12.1. Introduction
    3. 12.2. Methodology
    4. 12.3. Description of the Case Study
    5. 12.4. Results and Discussion
    6. 12.5. Conclusions
  19. Chapter 13: Reducing Natech Risk: Structural Measures
    1. Abstract
    2. 13.1. Introduction
    3. 13.2. Prevention Measures
    4. 13.3. Mitigation Measures
  20. Chapter 14: Reducing Natech Risk: Organizational Measures
    1. Abstract
    2. 14.1. Organizational risk-reduction measures
    3. 14.2. Natech risk governance
    4. 14.3. Prevention and Mitigation
    5. 14.4. Emergency-Response Planning
    6. 14.5. Early Warning
  21. Chapter 15: Recommendations and Outlook
    1. Abstract
  22. Glossary
  23. Index