3.4. Transmission pipelines

The transmission line as related to the requirements of this section is a pipeline transporting gas or liquid and also two-phase flow from oil fields to the ship loading points or production units such as refineries and natural gas plants. This section presents different methods for economical calculations of pressure loss and required diameter for transmission of a specific quantity of crude oil, products, and natural gas to the terminal under consideration.

3.4.1. Sizing criteria

Although pressure loss is a primary criterion in determining line size, the following points should be taken into consideration when designing a pipeline.
Design consideration should be given to flow velocity within a range that will minimize ...

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