© Frederik M. Fowler 2019
Frederik M. FowlerNavigating Hybrid Scrum Environmentshttps://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4842-4164-6_2

2. Scrum Theory

Frederik M. Fowler1 
Sunnyvale, CA, USA

The Scrum Framework is built on an extensive theoretical base that ranges from systems analytics to team interactions and human behavior. Ken Schwaber and Jeff Sutherland put the pieces together during the 1990s, but its theoretical roots go back to at least the 1980s and, arguably, back to the 1950s as well.

Scrum’s organizational aspects are based on the work of Hirotaka Takeuchi and Ikujiro Nonaka, two Japanese academics who studied teamwork at the Toyota Motor Company. They published their findings in 1986.1 These two scholars were the first to use the word Scrum ...

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