An IDS has a special implementation of TCP/IP that enables it to gather the packets and then reassemble them for analysis. It is not enough to simply sniff the packets; an IDS must examine them. An IDS can use one of three methods to detect intrusion:
• Pattern matching or signature-based
• Statistical anomaly-based
• Stateful protocol analysis
A pattern matching or signature-based model uses a set of rules, or signature, to detect an attack in progress. A device used for intrusion detection is loaded with a set of signatures. Each signature contains information about the kind of activity to look for in traffic passing through the network to detect whether an attack is under way. When the traffic passing through matches ...