1.2. Specifying the Main Features of Networking Technologies

Whereas the topology of a network is the shape of the network, the technology is the method of putting information onto the network and controlling it based on the physical components that are used and how they operate within the network. Some technologies have evolved over time, some have been all but discontinued, while others have been improved and refined.

In February 1980, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) developed a set of standards called the 802 project. Each of the standards was given a number beginning with 802 (the 80th year and the second month). These standards have been refined over the last two decades, but (in general) are still used to represent ...

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