The evolution of digital repositories is linked to that of the World Wide Web from the launch of arXiv in 1991. The success in 2001 of the EPrints software was a major impetus for the establishment of institutional repositories. Until recently the scholarly output that libraries have focussed on capturing in their repositories has tended to be limited to traditionally published works such as journal articles. However, new research outputs have brought new challenges; for example, new publishing paradigms have emerged with a focus on research data. Additionally, there has been an effort to improve the representation of creative works in repositories, bringing with it challenges in multimedia storage, preservation, description ...

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