Chapter 3

Solar Thermal Energy Collectors

KEY CONCEPTS

  • Definition of solar collectors, applications, and classifications
  • Types of solar collectors and comparison
  • Configurations of certain practical solar thermal collectors
  • Flat plate and concentrating solar collectors
  • Material aspects of solar collectors
  • Solar water and air heating systems
  • Basic principles of solar cookers and its types
  • Solar pond and its application

Sun’s heat energy is a diffuse energy. It is always first collected and then concentrated. In residential systems, simple and cheap solar panels are used to collect the solar heat energy below 60°C. Residential panels for heat collection are referred to as flat plate collectors.

In utility scale systems, solar heat energy is ...

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