Chapter 4

Solar Cells


  • Definition and need of solar cell
  • Basic elements and important requirements of silicon solar cell
  • Solar cell materials and their comparison
  • Practical solar cells and their comparative features
  • The main components of photovoltaic system and their functions
  • Theory of solar cells
  • Equivalent circuit and current–voltage characteristic of a solar cell
  • Performance parameters (efficiency and fill factor) of solar cell
  • Photovoltaic panels (series and parallel arrays)
  • Application of photovoltaic systems

A solar cell or photovoltaic cell is an electrical device that converts the energy of light directly into electricity by photovoltaic effect. They are made of special materials that are semiconductors. These semiconductors ...

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