Chapter 14

Multimode fibers

Abstract

Multimode fibers were first used for nonlinear optics during the 1970s because most optical fibers available at that time supported multiple modes. The situation changed in the 1980s when single-mode fibers were commercialized in view of their telecommunication applications. The interest in multimode fibers resurfaced after 2005, partly motivated by their use for space-division multiplexing in optical communication systems. As a byproduct of this interest, the nonlinear effects in multimode fibers have been studied extensively since 2010. This chapter covers recent advances in a systematic fashion. Three types of multimode fibers are introduced in Section 14.1, where we also discus modes supported by them. Section ...

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