Human Reproduction


  • The human reproductive method is characterized by sexual reproduction and viviparity.
  • The reproductive events in humans include:

Male Reproductive System

  • Situated in the pelvic region, this structure comprises a pair of testes, as well as accessory ducts, glands, and the external genitalia (Figure 3.1).
  • The testes are located outside the abdominal cavity and are enclosed within a pouch known as the scrotum. The scrotum plays a vital role in maintaining a temperature approximately 2–2.5 degrees Celsius lower than the body’s normal internal temperature, which is necessary for spermatogenesis.

Figure 3.1 Diagrammatic sectional view showing male reproductive system

  • In adults, each testis ...

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