Conflict and Peace


In international relations, conflict and peace are two recurring phenomena. They move parallelly within the arena of international politics. Conflict of ideas or interests may lead to the situation of war. Peace is generally conceived of as equivalent to the absence of manifest violence.


Peace as a concept can be defined as the concept of societal friendship and harmony in the absence of hostility and violence. Ideally, peace is a much wider concept than the absence of conflict. Kenneth Boulding, one of the pioneers of peace research, makes a significant analysis of the positive and negative aspects of peace. He says, ‘On the positive side, peace signifies a condition of good management, ...

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