Chapter 15

Environmental Impact Assessment

L. Kregting; B. Elsäßer    School of Planning, Architecture and Civil Engineering, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, Northern Ireland

Abstract

The introduction of a large infrastructure of marine energy technology along coastal environments raises some concern on how this will impact on the marine environment. While there are a number of potential environmental impacts of wave energy devices (eg, collision) the focus of this chapter is on the primary ecological processes that may be influenced by changes in the hydrodynamics as a direct result of the installation of wave energy converters (WECs). These processes include sediment transport, organism transport, pollution, and biogeochemical processes. ...

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