Polymorphism

Polymorphism literally means many shapes. Although polymorphism is tightly coupled to inheritance, it is often cited separately as one of the most powerful advantages to object-oriented technologies. When a message is sent to an object, the object must have a method defined to respond to that message. In an inheritance hierarchy, all subclasses inherit the interfaces from their superclass. However, because each subclass is a separate entity, each might require a separate response to the same message. For example, consider the Shape class and the behavior called Draw. When you tell somebody to draw a shape, the first question he asks is “What shape?” He cannot draw a shape, as it is an abstract concept (in fact, the Draw() method ...

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