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OCA: Oracle 10g™ Administration I: Study Guide by Matthew Weishan, Joseph C. Johnson, Bob Bryla, Chip Dawes

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6.4. Applying the Principle of Least Privilege

The principle of least privilege states that each user should only be given the minimal privileges needed to perform their job. This principle is a central tenet to the initially closed philosophy whereby all access is initially closed or unavailable and access is opened on a need-to-know basis. Highly secure environments typically operate under an initially closed philosophy. The contrasting philosophy is an initially open philosophy, whereby all access is by default open to all users and only sensitive areas are closed. Academic or learning environments typically operate under an initially open philosophy.

Many IT organizations want the most secure policies for production systems, which calls ...

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