Chapter 1

The Environment and Environmental Load of Offshore Oil Engineering

Abstract

The objective environment of Offshore Oil Engineering differs significantly. It is influenced not only by the climate (similar to the land), but also the severe environmental conditions of the sea, for instance, waves, currents, sea ice, and typhoon, monsoon, etc. These marine environment and environmental loads may cause enormous damages, and even affect the normal operation of offshore oil engineering and the production in offshore oil and gas fields. Based on this topic of environment and environmental load of offshore oil engineering, Chapter 01 is intended to introduce the combinations of wind and wind load; tide, current and current force; wave and wave force; ...

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