APPENDIXA

Online Timeline

1945

Vannevar Bush publishes his famous essay, "As We May Think" in The Atlantic Monthly. This breakthrough paper provides a new way to control and access information, which even then threatened to overload humanity's ability to manage it. Bush proposes a device called a memex, which will not only manage information, but will also create associative trails through knowledge, not unlike the system of hyperlinks that drive the World Wide Web.

1957

Soviet rocketeers successfully orbit the first artificial Earth satellite, Sputnik. This inspires the US government to form and fund the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) under the auspices of the Department of Defense.

1960

J.C.R. Licklider publishes the famous paper, ...

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