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Operation and Control of Renewable Energy Systems

Book Description

A comprehensive reference to renewable energy technologies with a focus on power generation and integration into power systems 

This book addresses the generation of energy (primarily electrical) through various renewable sources. It discusses solar and wind power—two major resources that are now in use in small as well as large-scale power production—and their requirements for effectively using advanced control techniques.In addition, the book looks at theintegration of renewable energy in the power grid and its ability to work in a micro grid. 

Operation and Control of Renewable Energy Systems describes the numerous types of renewable energy sources available and the basic principles involving energy conversion, including the theory of fluid mechanics and the laws of thermodynamics. Chapter coverage includes the theory of power electronics and various electric power generators, grid scale energy storage systems, photovoltaic power generation, solar thermal energy conversion technology, horizontal and vertical wind turbines for power generation, and more.

  • Covers integration into power systems with an emphasis on microgrids
  • Introduces a wide range of subjects related to renewable energy systems, including energy storage, microgrids, and battery technologies
  • Includes tutorial materials such as up-to-date references for wind energy, grid connection, and power electronics—plus worked examples and solutions

Operation and Control of Renewable Energy Systems is the perfect introduction to renewable energy technologies for undergraduate and graduate students and can also be very useful to practicing engineers.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright
  4. Preface
  5. Chapter 1: Sources of Energy and Technologies
    1. 1.1 Energy Uses in Different Countries
    2. 1.2 Energy Sources
    3. 1.3 Energy and Environment
    4. 1.4 Review of Technologies for Renewable Energy System
    5. 1.5 Thermodynamics
    6. 1.6 Thermodynamic Power Cycles
    7. 1.7 Summary
    8. References
  6. Chapter 2: Power Electronic Converters
    1. 2.1 Types of Power Electronic Converters
    2. 2.2 Power Semiconductor Devices
    3. 2.3 ac-to-dc Converters
    4. 2.4 dc-to-ac Converters (Inverters)
    5. 2.5 Multilevel Inverters
    6. 2.6 Resonant Converters
    7. 2.7 Matrix Converters
    8. 2.8 Summary
    9. References
  7. Chapter 3: Renewable Energy Generator Technology
    1. 3.1 Energy Conversion
    2. 3.2 Power Conversion and Control of Wind Energy Systems
    3. 3.3 Operation and Control of Induction Generators for WES
    4. 3.4 Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator
    5. 3.5 Wave Energy Conversion (WEC) Technologies
    6. 3.6 Summary
    7. References
  8. Chapter 4: Grid-Scale Energy Storage
    1. 4.1 Requirement of Energy Storage
    2. 4.2 Types of Energy Storage Technologies
    3. 4.3 Electromechanical Storage
    4. 4.4 Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage
    5. 4.5 Supercapacitors
    6. 4.6 Chemical Storage (Batteries)
    7. 4.7 Thermal Storage
    8. 4.8 Hydrogen Energy Storage Technology
    9. 4.9 Summary
    10. References
  9. Chapter 5: Solar Energy Systems
    1. 5.1 Sun as Source of Energy
    2. 5.2 Solar Radiations on Earth
    3. 5.3 Measurement of Solar Radiation
    4. 5.4 Solar Radiation on Different Surfaces
    5. 5.5 Utilization of Solar Energy
    6. 5.6 Solar Thermal Systems
    7. 5.7 Application of Solar Energy
    8. 5.8 Solar Thermal Power Generation
    9. 5.9 Desalination of Water
    10. 5.10 Steam Pressurization Systems Using Heat Energy
    11. 5.11 Summary
    12. References
  10. Chapter 6: Photovoltaic Systems
    1. 6.1 PV Solar Cells and Solar Module
    2. 6.2 Solar Cell Characteristics
    3. 6.3 Maximizing Power Output of PV Array
    4. 6.4 Maximum Power Point Tracking Algorithm
    5. 6.5 Types of Solar Cells and Technologies
    6. 6.6 Thin-Film Solar Cells
    7. 6.7 Concentrating Photovoltaic Systems
    8. 6.8 New Emerging Technologies
    9. 6.9 Solar PV Systems
    10. 6.10 Design and Control of Stand-Alone PV System
    11. 6.11 Summary
    12. References
  11. Chapter 7: Wind Energy
    1. 7.1 Wind as Source of Energy
    2. 7.2 Power and Energy in Wind
    3. 7.3 Aerodynamics of Wind Turbines
    4. 7.4 Types of Wind Turbines
    5. 7.5 Dynamics and Control of Wind Turbines
    6. 7.6 Wind Turbine Condition Monitoring
    7. 7.7 Wind Energy Conversion Systems (WECS)
    8. 7.8 Offshore Wind Energy
    9. 7.9 Advantages of Offshore Wind Energy Systems
    10. 7.10 Environmental Impact of Wind Energy Systems
    11. 7.11 Combining the Wind Power Generation System with Energy Storage
    12. 7.12 Summary
    13. References
  12. Chapter 8: Biomass Energy Systems
    1. 8.1 Biomass Energy
    2. 8.2 Biomass Production
    3. 8.3 Biomass Conversion Process
    4. 8.4 Thermochemical Conversion
    5. 8.5 Biochemical/Biological Conversion
    6. 8.6 Classification of Biogas Plants
    7. 8.7 Mechanical Extraction (with Esterification)
    8. 8.8 Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Conversion
    9. 8.9 The Production of Electricity from Wood and Other Solid Biomass
    10. 8.10 Summary
    11. References
  13. Chapter 9: Geothermal Energy
    1. 9.1 The Origin of Geothermal Energy
    2. 9.2 Types of Geothermal Resources
    3. 9.3 Hydrothermal Resources
    4. 9.4 The Geopressured Resources
    5. 9.5 Hard Rock Resources
    6. 9.6 Energy Contents of Geothermal Resources
    7. 9.7 Exploration of Geothermal Resources
    8. 9.8 Geophysical Methods in Geothermal Exploration
    9. 9.9 Geochemical Techniques
    10. 9.10 Utilization of Geothermal Resource
    11. 9.11 Enhanced Geothermal Systems
    12. 9.12 Direct Use of Geothermal Energy
    13. 9.13 Environmental Impact
    14. 9.14 Summary
    15. References
  14. Chapter 10: Ocean Energy
    1. 10.1 Energy from Ocean
    2. 10.2 Harnessing the Tidal Energy
    3. 10.3 Energy of Tides
    4. 10.4 Turbine Technologies
    5. 10.5 Support Structure
    6. 10.6 Wave Energy
    7. 10.7 Wave Energy Converters
    8. 10.8 Power Takeoff Systems
    9. 10.9 Piezoelectric Generators
    10. 10.10 Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion
    11. 10.11 Summary
    12. References
  15. Chapter 11: Fuel Cells
    1. 11.1 Fuel Cell Technologies
    2. 11.2 Types of Fuel Cells
    3. 11.3 Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cell
    4. 11.4 Solid Oxide Fuel Cell
    5. 11.5 Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell
    6. 11.6 Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell
    7. 11.7 Alkaline Fuel Cell
    8. 11.8 Direct Methanol Fuel Cell
    9. 11.9 Fuel Cell Stacks
    10. 11.10 Fuel Cell Applications
    11. 11.11 Modelling of Fuel Cell
    12. 11.12 Summary
    13. References
  16. Chapter 12: Small Hydropower Plant
    1. 12.1 Hydropower
    2. 12.2 Classification of Hydropower Plants
    3. 12.3 Resource Assessment
    4. 12.4 System Components
    5. 12.5 Turbines
    6. 12.6 Impulse Turbines
    7. 12.7 Reaction Turbine
    8. 12.8 Generators for Small Hydro Plants
    9. 12.9 Design Considerations of Micro-Hydropower Plants
    10. References
  17. Chapter 13: Control of Grid-Connected Photovoltaic and Wind Energy Systems
    1. 13.1 Introduction
    2. 13.2 Operation and Control of Grid-Connected PV System
    3. 13.3 Grid Synchronization
    4. 13.4 Control of Three-Phase Grid-Connected PV system
    5. 13.5 Selection of Inverter for PV System
    6. 13.6 Power Decoupling
    7. 13.7 Isolation Between Input and Output
    8. 13.8 Transformers and Interconnections
    9. 13.9 Filters for Grid-Connected PV Inverters
    10. 13.10 Islanding Detection Methods
    11. 13.11 Operation and Control of Grid-Connected Wind Energy System
    12. 13.12 Summary
    13. References
  18. Chapter 14: Renewable Energy Sources Integration in Microgrid
    1. 14.1 Microgrid
    2. 14.2 Types of Microgrids
    3. 14.3 dc Microgrid
    4. 14.4 ac Microgrid
    5. 14.5 Control of ac Microgrid in Grid-Connected Mode
    6. 14.6 Autonomous Operation of Microgrid
    7. 14.7 Load Frequency Control in Microgrid
    8. 14.8 Combined ac/dc Microgrid
    9. 14.9 Summary
    10. References
  19. Index
  20. End User License Agreement