Managing Bottlenecks in Service Processes

Bottlenecks can be both internal and external to the firm, and typically represent a process, a step, or a workstation with the lowest capacity. Throughput time is the total elapsed time from the start to the finish of a job or a customer being processed at one or more work centers. Where a bottleneck lies in a given service or manufacturing process can be identified in two ways. A workstation in a process is a bottleneck if (1) it has the highest total time per unit processed, or (2) it has the highest average utilization and total workload.

Example 5.1 illustrates how ...

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