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Operations Management: Processes and Supply Chains, 12th Edition by Larry P. Ritzman, Manoj K. Malhotra, Lee J. Krajewski

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Operating Characteristic Curves

Analysts create a graphic display of the performance of a sampling plan by plotting the probability of accepting the lot for a range of proportions of defective units. This graph, called an operating characteristic (OC) curve, describes how well a sampling plan discriminates between good and bad lots. Undoubtedly, every manager wants a plan that accepts lots with a quality level better than the AQL 100 percent of the time and accepts lots with a quality level worse than the AQL 0 percent of the time. This ideal OC curve for a single-sampling plan is shown in Figure G.2. However, such performance can be achieved only with 100 percent inspection. A typical OC curve for a single-sampling plan, plotted in red, shows ...

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