Factors that influence political behavior (low to high):

Individual factors

  • High self-monitors

  • Internal locus of control

  • High Mach personality

  • Organizational investment

  • Perceived job alternatives

  • Expectations of success

Organizational factors

  • Reallocation of resources

  • Promotion opportunities

  • Low trust

  • Role ambiguity

  • Unclear performance evaluation system

  • Zero-sum reward practices

  • Democratic decision making

  • High performance pressures

  • Self-serving senior managers

Favorable outcomes:

  • Rewards

  • Averted punishments

Get Organizational Behavior, 17e now with the O’Reilly learning platform.

O’Reilly members experience books, live events, courses curated by job role, and more from O’Reilly and nearly 200 top publishers.