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OSPF and IS-IS: Choosing an IGP for Large-Scale Networks by Jeff Doyle

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6.2. IS-IS Database Synchronization

Whereas OSPF requires neighbors to explicitly agree to begin a database-exchange process and relies on a strict state machine to manage the process, IS-IS relies on a simple process in which a router periodically describes its complete database to its neighbors.[2]

[2] In reality, ISO 10589 does not require periodic database descriptions on point-to-point links, although some implementations do it as an optimization.

On point-to-point links, neighbors exchange CSNPs to describe the contents of their databases. If a router sees in a received CSNP an unknown LSP or more recent copy of a known LSP, it sends a PSNP to its neighbor requesting a copy of the LSP. Likewise, if the router sees in the received CSNP that ...

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