A routing protocol can be analyzed as a process. A protocol is formalized through the Request for Comments (RFC) process. This process involves open written commentary on a proposed technology in an effort to bring about standardization of that technology. An example of a routing protocol standard would be OSPF as defined in RFC 2328.
You can find all RFCs online at the following website:
where xxxx is the number of the RFC. If you do not know the number of the RFC, you can search by topic at the following site:
The basic reason you are studying this topic is to understand how, through the use of OSPF, you can get packets from one host to ...