Fill flash adds light to the shadows on the Rocky Mountain parnassian butterfly. Nikon D4, 200mm macro lens, ISO 200, f/22, 1/5, Cloudy WB, Aperture Priority, manual focus, and one Nikon SB-800 Speedlight set to FEC –.3.

12 Close-up flash



Electronic flash is certainly the most flexible and convenient means of lighting macro subjects. Modern flash units, even small ones, produce more than enough light to properly expose small subjects. Small flash units light objects at the small f/16 to f/22 apertures most shooters like to use for greater depths of field. Many close-up photography problems are solved by using flash.

Flash will remove ...

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