Chapter 5

Theories of the Mind

An artificial plant may not look exactly like its natural counterpart, but we recognize the thing it is designed to represent. It has a brown stalk. Stems. Green leaves. The flowers are red or yellow or violet. It looks like a plant. Now, if the stalk were candy-striped, the leaves checkerboard, and in place of flowers we found pinwheels, we would all agree that the manufacturer had done a poor job of creating an artificial plant. Likewise, an artificial flavor may not taste exactly like its natural analog, but we still recognize artificial strawberry as strawberry, artificial blueberry as blueberry, and artificial lemon as lemon. We know what real strawberries, blueberries, and lemons taste like. The relevant ...

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