Chapter 2

Bulk Solid Characterization


Bulk solids are an assembly of solid particles ubiquitously existing in nature, in our daily life, and in industrial applications. Bulk solids are the second-most manipulated material in industry after water, and over 30% of the products from chemical industries are either in the physical form of bulk solids or manufactured using some bulk solids. Bulk solids exhibit distinctive properties that cannot be simply characterized using the methods developed for solids, liquids, and gases. In this chapter, some fundamental properties of bulk solids are introduced, including density, surface area, flowability, compressibility, and compactibility, and techniques and methods that can be used to characterize ...

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