develop both symmetric and asymmetric 10-Gbps line rate operation where the
symmetric operation will operate at 10 Gbps in both the downstream and
upstream directions. This development is obviously posing even more stringent
challenges in burst-mode IC developments [104, 105] and asking for more
appealing transceiver designs. For cost-effective 10-Gbps transceivers, there is
a possibility that the new small form–factor pluggable modules called SFPþ
being specified by the SFF Committee (SFF 8431), may play a significant role in
future PON-system developments [106].
[1] J.R. Stern, C.E. Hoppitt, D.B. Payne, M.H. Reeve, and K.A. Oakley, ‘‘TPON-a passive
optical networks for telephony,’’ Fourteenth European Conference on Optical Communi-
cation (ECOC’88), vol.1, pp203–206, Brighton, UK, Sept., 1988.
[2] P.E. Green, ‘‘Fiber to the home: the next big broadband thing,’’ IEEE Comm. Mag.,
pp100–106, Sept., 2004.
[3] P.E. Green, Fiber to the Home: The New Empowerment; Wiley-Interscience, 2006.
[4] W. Diab and H. Frazier, ‘‘Ethernet in the First Mile: Access for Everyone,’’ Standard
Information Network, IEEE press, 2006.
[5] M. Beck, Ethernet in the First Mile, McGraw-Hill, ISBN 007145506X, June, 2005.
[6] M. Aabrams, P.C. Becker, Y. Fujimoto, V.o’Byrne, and D. Piehler, ‘‘FTTP deployments in
the United States and Japan—Equipment choices and service provider imperatives,’’
J. Lightwave Technol., vol.23, pp236–245, Jan., 2005.
[7] J.D. Angelopoulos, H. Leligou, T. Argyriou, S. Zontos, E. Ringoot, and T.V. Caenegem,
‘‘Efficient transport of packets with QoS in an FSAN-aligned G-PON,’’ IEEE Comm.
Mag., vol.42, no.2, pp92–98, Feb., 2004.
[8] ITU-T Rec. G.983.1, Study Group 15, ‘‘Broadband optical access systems based on passive
optical networks,’’ Oct., 1998.
[9] IEEE Standard for Information Technology, IEEE 802.3ah Ethernet in the first Mile Task
Force, D3.3, Apr. 19, 2004.
[10] ITU-T Rec. G.984.2. ‘‘Gigabit-capable passive optical networks (G-PON): physical media
dependent (PMD) layer specification,’’ Mar., 2003.
[11] M. Hajduczenia, H. da Silva, and P. Monteiro; ‘‘EPON versus APON and G-PON:
a detailed performance comparison,’’ vol.5, no.4, p298, J. Optical Networking, Apr., 2006.
[12] A. Girard, ‘‘FTTx PON Technology and Testing,’’ EXFO Electro-Optical Engineering Inc.,
[13] G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and A. Maislos, ‘‘Ethernet Passive Optical Networks,’’ Chap. 8,
McGraw-Hill Professional, ISBN: 0071445625, Publication date: March 2005, available
[14] G. Kramer, ‘‘What is Next for Ethernet PON?’’ The 5th International Conference on
Optical Internet (COIN 2006); MoB2–1.
[15] ITU-T Rec. G.984.2 Amendment, ‘‘New Appendix III—Industry best practice 2.488 Gbit/s
downstream, 1.244 Gbit/s upstream G-PON,’’ Feb., 2006.
[16] K. Kim, ‘‘On the evolution of PON-based FTTH solutions,’’ Information Sciences, vol.149,
no.1–2, pp21–30, Jan., 2003.
[17] T. Tatsutay, Y. Yoshida, and Y. Maeda, ‘‘Standardization of G-PON (Gigabit Passive
Optical Network) in ITU-T,’’ NTT Tech. Rev., vol.1, no.7, pp89–93, Oct., 2003.
References 209

Get Passive Optical Networks now with the O’Reilly learning platform.

O’Reilly members experience books, live events, courses curated by job role, and more from O’Reilly and nearly 200 top publishers.