Perl operators have the following associativity and precedence, listed from highest precedence to lowest. Table cells indicate groups of operators of equal precedence.

Assoc. | Operators | Description |
---|---|---|

right | terms and list operators | See next page. |

left |
| Infix dereference operator. |

none |
| Auto-increment (magical on strings). |

| Auto-decrement. | |

right |
| Exponentiation. |

right |
| Reference to an object (unary). |

right |
| Unary logical NOT, bitwise NOT. |

right |
| Unary plus, minus. |

left |
| Binds a scalar expression to a pattern match. |

left |
| Same, but negates the result. |

left |
| Multiplication, division, modulo, repetition. |

left |
| Addition, subtraction, concatenation. |

left |
| Bitwise shift right, bitwise shift left. |

right | named unary operators | E.g., |

none |
| Numerical relational operators. String relational operators. |

none |
| Numerical equal, not equal, compare. Stringwise equal, not equal, compare. Smartmatch. |

left |
| Bitwise AND. |

left |
| Bitwise OR, bitwise XOR. |

left |
| Logical AND. |

left |
| Logical OR, defined OR. |

none |
| Range operator. |

| Alternative range operator. | |

right |
| Ternary if |

right |
| Assignment operators. |

left |
| Comma operator, also list element separator. |

left |
| Same, enforces the left operand to be a string. |

right | list operators (rightward) | See below. |

right |
| Low precedence logical NOT. |

left |
| Low precedence logical AND. |

left |
| Low precedence logical OR. |

left |
| Low precedence logical XOR. |

Parentheses can be used to group ...

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