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Photographic Possibilities, 2nd Edition by John Valentino, Robert Hirsch

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Toning for Visual Effects

8

Toning plays a vital role in translating the photographer's visual intent into a concrete reality. Alterations in the color relationships of a print can dramatically change the aesthetic and emotional responses to the work.

PROCESSING CONTROLS

When working with black-and-white materials, the following four factors play a role in determining the final color of the photograph:

1.  Paper type and grade

2.  Developer type, dilution, and temperature and length of development

3.  Processing and washing

4.  Chemical toner type, dilution, and temperature and length of toning

The developer-paper combination plays a key role in determining the look of the print, regardless of which type of toner is selected. Similarly, ...

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