Toning for Visual Effects
Toning plays a vital role in translating the photographer's visual intent into a concrete reality. Alterations in the color relationships of a print can dramatically change the aesthetic and emotional responses to the work.
When working with black-and-white materials, the following four factors play a role in determining the final color of the photograph:
1. Paper type and grade
2. Developer type, dilution, and temperature and length of development
3. Processing and washing
4. Chemical toner type, dilution, and temperature and length of toning
The developer-paper combination plays a key role in determining the look of the print, regardless of which type of toner is selected. Similarly, ...