Git – A version control system
Git is the most widely used version control system. According to the Git official website, it is a distributed version control system capable of handling everything from small- to large-sized projects with speed and efficiency.
Git is available for all major operating systems. For Windows, an executable setup file is provided that can be used to install Git and use it in the command line. On OS X, Git comes already installed, but if it is not found, it can be downloaded from their official website. To install Git on Debian/Ubuntu, just issue the following command in the terminal:
sudo apt-get install git
After installation, issue the following command to check whether it is properly installed: