Along with conditional logic, variables are the core of what makes computer programs powerful and flexible. If you think of a variable as a bucket with a name that holds a value, PHP lets you have plain old buckets, buckets that contain the name of other buckets, buckets with numbers or strings in them, buckets holding arrays of other buckets, buckets full of objects, and just about any other variation on that analogy you can think of.
A variable is either set or unset. A variable with any value
assigned to it,
false, empty or
nonempty, is set. The function
passed a variable that’s set. To turn a variable that’s set into one
that’s unset, call
on the variable or assign
null to the variable.
Scalars, arrays, and objects can all be passed to
unset(). You can also pass
unset() multiple variables to unset them
unset($vegetables); unset($vegetables); unset($earth, $moon, $stars);
If a variable is present in the query string of a URL, even if it has no value assigned to it, it is set. Thus:
$_GET['chimps'] to the empty string.
All unset variables are also empty. Set variables may be empty or nonempty. Empty variables
have values that evaluate to
a boolean: the integer 0, the double 0.0, the empty string, the string
"0", the boolean
false, an array with no elements, an object with no properties (in versions of PHP prior ...