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Physical and Biological Hazards of the Workplace, 3rd Edition by Peter H. Wald, Gregg M. Stave

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Chapter 24FUNGI

Craig S. Glazer and Cecile S. Rose

A variety of fungi are associated with occupational illnesses (see Tables 24.1, 24.2, and 24.3 on page 426.)

TABLE 24.1 Common fungi associated with hypersensitivity diseases.

Fungus Exposure Syndrome
Alternaria spp. Wood pulp Wood pulp worker’s lung, mold allergy, asthma
Aspergillus spp. Moldy hay
Water Farmer’s lung
Aspergillus fumigatus General environment Ventilation pneumonitis
Aspergillus clavatus Barley Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis
Aureobasidium pullulans Water
Cladosporium spp. Hot tub mists Malt worker’s lung
General environment Humidifier lung
Cryptostroma corticale Wood bark Hot tub HP
Graphium, Aureobasidium pullulans Wood dust Mold allergy, asthma
Merulius lacrymans Rotten wood Maple bark stripper’s lung
Penicillium spp. Fuel chips, sawmills, tree cutting Sequoiosis
Dry rot lung
Shiitake mushroom manufacturing, humidifier water Hypersensitivity pneumonitis, asthma
Penicillium frequentans Cork dust Suberosis
Penicillium casei, Penicillium roqueforti Cheese Cheese washer’s lung
Rhizopus, Mucor Damp basements Asthma, mold allergy
Trichosporon cutaneum Damp wood and mats Japanese summer-type HP

TABLE 24.2 Common toxigenic fungi.

Toxin Fungal Source Occupational Exposure
Aflatoxin Aspergillus flavus Farmers
Aspergillus parasiticus Peanut handlers
Fumitoxin Aspergillus fumigatus Compost workers
Satratoxin Stachybotrys chartarum Maintenance ...

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