Controlling processes are found in all the project management areas to some varying degree. Project control is concerned with preventative measures, such as identifying and understanding variance, plus responding to trends, patterns, and changes in order to minimize the impact on the project.
PMI divides controlling processes into two categories—core and facilitating—as it does with all the other process areas. The Controlling processes are listed here:
Core Controlling processes— These include performance reporting and integrated change control.
Facilitating Controlling processes— These include scope verification, scope change control, schedule control, quality control, and risk monitoring and control.