7Biomedical Applications of Polyvinyl Alcohol-Based Bionanocomposites

Bruno Leandro Pereira1,2, Viviane Seba Sampaio1,3, Gabriel Goetten de Lima1,4, Carlos Maurício Lepienski4,5, Mozart Marins3, Bor Shin Chee1 and Michael J. D. Nugent1*

1Materials Research Institute MRI, Athlone Institute of Technology, Athlone, Ireland

2Department of Mechanical Engineering, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná, Curitiba, PR, Brazil

3Biotechnology Unit, University of Ribeirão Preto, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil

4Federal University of Paraná, Postgraduate Program in Materials Engineering and Science - PIPE, Curitiba, PR, Brazil

5Federal University of Technology - Paraná, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Curitiba, PR, Brazil


Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) is a synthetic biodegradable polymer that can mimic natural polymers and has excellent characteristics of biocompatibility in human tissues. As a polymeric matrix, PVA properties can also be enhanced or changed by the introduction of nanofillers. Combining PVA and a variety of nanofillers, it is possible to create materials with unique characteristics with many applications in the biomedical field such as drug delivery, wound healing, tissue engineering and medical devices. This chapter will focus on a review of literature about the research of nanocomposites using PVA as a matrix and the properties possible by the introduction of a range of different nanofillers for biomedical usage.

Keywords: Polyvinyl alcohol, biocompatible nanocomposite, ...

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