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Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Handbook by Ajay Kumar Debnath, Swapan Basu

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3. Turbine Types

Basically there are three types of turbines: steam, gas, and hydel. Here, the turbines have been classified by the type of fluid they handle—that is, steam or gas (hot air), water, etc. Gas turbines have been briefly discussed in Clause 2.4. The hydel turbine is a type that operates on the principle of high-velocity water coming from a source located at a higher elevation through a pipeline impinging on the turbine impeller. The steam turbine utilizes high-pressure and high-temperature steam as the prime moving force and is discussed briefly next.

3.01. Steam Turbine Types and Classification

The steam turbine operates wholly through the dynamic nature of steam. Here, steam pressure is allowed to fall in a narrow passage (i.e., nozzle), ...

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