6 Short-circuit analysis techniques in ac power systems

6.1 General

In modern power systems, there are various types of active sources that can contribute short-circuit currents in the event of short-circuit faults on the power system. These include synchronous and induction generators, synchronous and induction motors and modern power electronics converter connected generators. Power system elements such as lines, cables, transformers, series reactors, etc. between the short-circuit fault location and the various current sources will affect the magnitude of the short-circuit currents infeed into the fault. The effect is generally to reduce the magnitude of the short-circuit currents and to increase the rate at which their ac and dc components ...

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