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Practical Common Lisp by Peter Seibel

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CHAPTER 10Numbers, Characters,and Strings

While functions, variables, macros, and 25 special operators provide the basic building blocks of the language itself, the building blocks of your programs will be the data structures you use. As Fred Brooks observed in The Mythical Man-Month, "Representation is the essence of programming."1

Common Lisp provides built-in support for most of the data types typically found in modern languages: numbers (integer, floating point, and complex), characters, strings, arrays (including multidimensional arrays), lists, hash tables, input and output streams, and an abstraction for portably representing filenames. Functions are also a first-class data type in Lisp—they can be stored in variables, passed as arguments, ...

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