When you install Linux, the installation process makes some new file systems and sets the system up to use them. Many operating systems don't distinguish between the preparation of the device's surface to receive data (formatting) and the building of new file systems. Linux does distinguish between the two, principally because only floppy disks need formatting in any case, and also because Linux offers as many as half a dozen different file systems that can be created (on any block device).
▸For a list of a number of different file systems for Linux, see Table 7.1 on page 114.
Linux provides a generic command, mkfs, that enables you to make a file system on a block device. In fact, because UNIX manages almost ...